What is Myopia



What is myopia?

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is the struggle to see distant objects clearly. It usually begins in childhood or early teenage years and progresses through young adulthood.


What are the effects of myopia?

Myopia causes objects at a distance to appear blurry. For children, this often leads to trouble focusing in class or difficulty with sports or other activities that require distant vision.

If your child is having trouble seeing distant objects, arrange an eye exam immediately.


At FYidoctors, we’re dedicated to giving your family a better life through better vision. Though myopia is common, it can greatly increase the chance of serious health effects later in life, particularly if it goes untreated. "High myopia" (a prescription of -5.00 diopters or more) has been linked to cataracts, retinal detachment, glaucoma and retinal degeneration, all of which can cause blindness.


What causes myopia?

Myopia happens when the eyeball becomes elongated or the cornea and lens become too curved, causing improper focus. All of the following can contribute to or worsen the effects of myopia:

Genetic factors, like family history and ethnicity

Environmental factors, like not enough time

"Near" work like studying, reading and using digital devices


What can I do?

However, there are also many day-to-day things you can to help look after your child's vision.

Put Eye Care First

The earlier myopia is spotted, the better. Regular eye care and annual exams can prevent the onset and progression of myopia.

Get Outside

Natural light significantly reduces the risk of myopia onset and progression. We recommend at least two hours of daily outdoor time, with proper sun protection of course!

Reduce Near Work

Encourage your child to spend time away from screens and reduce near work time to a maximum of 90 minutes a day.

Follow the 20/20/20 rule

During near work or screen time, look away every 20 minutes at something at least 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds, making 4-5 complete blinks.



FYidoctors offers a variety of treatment options, some of which can slow myopia's progression by as much as 90%. Talk to your doctor to find out what might be best.


Orthokeratology, or Ortho-K, uses custom-designed contact lenses that are worn overnight. These contact lenses slowly reshape the cornea and reduce eyeball elongation. Ideally, this treatment allows your child to see clearly without glasses or contact lenses during the day.

Specialty Contact Lenses

Daily disposal contact lenses, worn during daylight hours, can help reduce the stimulation that causes eyeball elongation.

Specialty Glasses

Regular prescription lenses are enhanced with peripheral vision management technology. These help focus light to slow down eyeball elongation.

Pharmacological Eye Drops

Often combined with other treatments, low-dose atropine eye drops are widely used to help slow the progression of myopia.